A Journey Through Luzon to the Igorot People

“Stop! We enforce the law without fear or favour.” That’s what the sign said as the truck on which I’d hitched a ride wound further up into the foggy mountains. Right then I had a sinking feeling, like that moment before the roller coaster car makes its last inches to the summit, and you look back knowing it’s too late to get out. Continue reading “A Journey Through Luzon to the Igorot People”

My Beef With Wagyu

Recently I read “Wagyu Carpaccio” on a restaurant menu. I asked the waitress, rhetorically, cynically, “Where is this Wagyu from?” After checking with the kitchen she returned to tell me, “Canada.” Really? If I were to ask where the Chianti is from, would she have said anywhere other than Chianti? I hope not. Chianti is from Chianti. That’s why it’s called “Chianti.” Similarly, Wagyu is from Japan. That’s why it’s called Wagyu. Wa refers to Japan. Gyu refers to cattle. Strictly speaking, you cannot produce Wagyu outside Japan. While there are many countries, namely the US, Australia and Canada, that claim to produce “wagyu” beef. They should be labeling it “Wagyu-style”, “American Wagyu”, “Australian Wagyu”, “Canadian Wagyu” or “Washugyu”, which is a cross breeding of Wagyu and Angus. If the beef is descendent of Japanese cattle, raised outside Japan, or crossbred outside Japan, and not sourced directly from Japan, it’s not wagyu. In fact, most Japanese cattle in Japan are cross-bred, but the difference between beef in Japan, and Japanese beef or some derivative of it in, say, Canada, is night and day. From water, to climate, to feed, to care, it’s just different. Anyone who has tasted wagyu beef in Japan can attest to that.


Angus beef is originally from Scotland, but Angus is a brand. In order to be labeled Angus, the beef need only be 21% true Angus. Wagyu, however, is not a brand. It is akin–though not officially–to a designation of origin. It would be as strange as a farmer in Japan claiming to be raising Canada Beef. In Canada, the percentage of wagyu in cattle can be as high as 75%, but there is a hefty price tag for that. If you see “Kobe Beef Burgers” or “Wagyu Beef Burgers” on a menu or at a supermarket, and it costs less than $100 (typically $15-$20), it’s simply false marketing. There are over 100 brands of wagyu in Japan, and none of them will make it into a Canadian supermarket burger. Typically, each prefecture in Japan boasts it’s own brand of wagyu.

Ishigaki Beef, Okinawa

My top ten favourites:

1. Sanuki Olive-gyu, Kagawa (Gold medal winner at 2017 Wagyu Olympics)
2. Ishigaki-gyu, Okinawa
3. Matsuzaka-gyu, Mie
4. Hitachi-gyu, Ibaraki
5. Murakami-gyu, Niigata
6. Shinshu-gyu, Nagano
7. Noto-gyu, Ishikawa
8. Olean 55, Tottori (First Wagyu Olympics gold medal winner)
9. Kobe-gyu, Hyogo
10. Ohmi-gyu, Shiga

Wagyu or Kobe?

Kobe is a port city located in Hyogo Prefecture in which there are also several other brands of beef including: Sanda, Sanga and Tajima. “Kobe” is higher grade Tajima (A4 or A5.) Historically most beef would be exported from the port of Kobe, so that regardless of its origin, it would be stamped “Kobe.” That is how the name originally gained its renown. Today there are very strict rules around the raising and harvesting of beef in Hyogo-Ken in order to allow it to be classified as Kobe Beef. Make no mistake, it is exquisite, but other than select restaurants in Kyoto, Osaka or Tokyo, you’d be hard-pressed to find it outside Kobe. Increasingly, there are restaurants from Las Vegas to Miami to New York and occasionally Toronto who may have access to serve some Kobe beef, but the kitchen will have a certificate of authenticity with the nose-print of the cow for certification.

Miyazaki Beef, Miyazaki

At a Michelin star restaurant in Napa Valley, I read “Kobe beef” on the menu. I was doubtful, so I asked, “Where is this “Kobe” beef from?” The waitress returned with the official certificate from Japan including designation of origin. I was impressed, but, the certificate clearly stated “Miyazaki”–a totally different area of Japan. It would be like calling “Swiss” chocolate “Belgian”–both wonderful, but not the same. There is this misconception that Kobe and Wagyu are synonymous. They are not. Kobe is a city. Wagyu is a style of beef. Kobe is the name of one brand of Wagyu. The two are not interchangeable. This was indeed wagyu, and it was delicious, but it was Miyazaki-gyu, not Kobe.

So what’s the big deal about Japanese beef anyway? It is not as robust as Canada Beef, not as juicy as USDA Prime, not as succulent as the Pampas grass-fed Argentina Beef, but its texture is so soft and delicate that it is often compared to foie gras. While USDA prime beef requires 6-8% marbled fat to qualify for the highest USDA grade, the highest quality grade for Wagyu typically has 25% marbled fat. It is this mono-saturated interstitial fat (the good kind), called “sashi”, that makes wagyu the prize of Japan.


There is a strict grading system for wagyu beef in Japan. The Yield Grade refers to the proportion of meat obtained from the cut of the cattle.
A: above standard
B: standard
C: below standard

The Beef Marbling Standard ranks the interstitial fat content. The more marbling, the higher the number.
5: Excellent 8 – 12
4: Good 5 – 7
3: Average 3 – 4
2: Below average 2
1: Poor 1

Olive Beef, Nishiki restaurant at Royal Park Hotel Takamatsu, Kagawa, Shikoku

When in Japan, the most desired wagyu is graded A5. If you have ¥10,000 to spare, or more, skip the sushi and sample this unique and sublime delicacy.

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Arts and Dining in Markham

Think outside the box, just north of Toronto’s city limits is a smart-growth urban community, a high-tech hub, North America’s largest LEED development, with opportunities for artists, a veritable playground for all ages and Toronto’s newest culinary enclave: Markham. Surprised? Continue reading “Arts and Dining in Markham”

The Fabulousness of Firenze

“There are two kinds of light: the glow that illuminates, and the glare that obscures.” —James Thurber

Surely Thurber had Florence in mind. Florence glows in illuminary light that is evident in the paintings of the early Renaissance. The sun bathes the piazzas and statue of David in incandescent beauty, making the cold marble look warm. After a sudden shower, the sunlight in the centuries old, private garden of the Four Seasons Hotel creates a magical space. We have been watching the rain during breakfast through the Paladio-style windows in the Michelin starred Il Palagio restaurant. It’s my favourite meal of the day, served on exquisite china along with a flute of champagne. The beginning of another fabulous day in Firenze.
Continue reading “The Fabulousness of Firenze”

Kingston: Hidden Gems

Kingston’s dining scene is exploding with diversity. The best way to discover Canada’s first capital is to stay in comfort at the cozy family-run Green Acres Inn, enjoy breakfast in bed, and then make your way to the historic downtown to experience Kingston Food Tours. Continue reading “Kingston: Hidden Gems”

The Holistic Grail…Springs Retreat

Some secrets are just too good to keep. Contrary to popular belief, Yorkville is not the best place for close-range celeb-sightings. Grail Springs Retreat for Wellbeing in Bancroft, surrounded by solid rock and evergreen forests, is the secret sanctuary of the TMZ headliners. They’re picked up at Pearson or from their private planes at nearby Peterborough Airport and whisked to Grail by Bancroft Taxi. Continue reading “The Holistic Grail…Springs Retreat”

Virginia: Monticello Wine Trail

Soon after the founding of Jamestown, the British made grape growing mandatory. In Jefferson’s time, he attempted seven harvests, but failed to ever make wine. Two hundred years later, a Venetian, Gianni Zonin, bought nearby Barboursville and brought with him “quality control.” This is the reason there are now more than 230 wineries in Virginia, 25 along the Monticello Wine Trail around the small-town charm of Charlottesville. Continue reading “Virginia: Monticello Wine Trail”